Getting to know Shamakhi
Over 97,000 people live in Shamakhi, which is located 135 kilometers west of Baku on the southeast foothills of the Greater Caucasus. The district’s administrative heart is Shamakhi Town. Azerbaijan’s Shamakhi district is a major wine-producing region. In the nearby hills, world-renowned wines and cognacs were produced. It’s not just the locals who enjoy Shamakhi wines. For a long time, they have also been winning international awards at exhibitions.
In the present Shamakhi district, Azerbaijan can trace its roots back to the ancient Shirvan, the former state of the Shirvanshahs. During the 2nd century AD, the ancient Greek geographer Ptolemy gave the town its name for the first time. During the Shirvanshahs’ reign, Shamakhi was an important cultural and commercial center.
Shamakhi has a long and tragic history, but earthquakes, fires, and invasions have obliterated any traces of the town’s glory. Shamakhi residents, on the other hand, have always found a way to rebuild their town and their own lives. Currently, Shamakhi is full of remnants of the past. The following is a list of the best Shamakhi attractions
1- The Diri Baba Mausoleum
Diri-Baba, a 15th-century mausoleum-mosque located across the street from the old cemetery in Maraza, is a notable landmark on the road from Baku to Shamakhi. The residents of the area have held on to a long-held belief that their eminent saint, Diri-Baba, was buried there. However, there are a slew of other myths and mysteries surrounding this landmark. It’s no wonder, then, that it’s attracted pilgrims and casual tourists alike since the 17th century. The uniqueness of this tomb lies in the fact that it was carved into the rock by the architect. As if suspended in the air, the tomb gives the impression that it is.
2- Juma mosque
Shakhi Friday Mosque is a mosque in Shamakhi, Azerbaijan. It is known as the Juma or Friday Mosque. Shamakhi was chosen as the residence of the Caliphate’s vicar in the Caucasus and Dagestan, Arabic commander Maslam ibn Abd-al Melik, the brother of Umayyad caliph Valil I (705-715). As Arab governors began to build new structures on the city’s land, they reinforced the city’s ancient towers, adding to the city’s rich cultural heritage. The Friday Mosque in Shamakhi is a clear indication of the importance Arabs placed on the city.
3. The silent lake
Nature-lovers who plan to visit this breathtaking city should definitely stop by the Silent Lake, which is nestled among the mountains. Shamakhi Lake, located 125 kilometers from Baku, is easily accessible. Get away from city life, relax, and have fun with your loved ones in this beautiful location. It’s a great place to go quadricycle or cycling, play tennis, or just take a walk along the paths and take in the scenery.
4. Shamakhi Observatory Center
An astronomical observatory in Azerbaijan’s Caucasus Mountains, Shamakhy Astrophysical Observatory, is located there. Nazreddin Tusi (Shao) is the inspiration for its name (Nasirddin Tusi eddxanas Astrofizika Rxanasi). In Pirqulu’s eastern flank, at 1500 m, it is situated. It experiences 150–200 nights of clear, cloudless skies each year.
5- Shirvan Vineyards.
One of Azerbaijan’s oldest and most traditional industries is viticulture. Vine-growing and wine-making in Azerbaijan were developed on the basis of industrial principles in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and their high quality was recognized worldwide. Wines from Azerbaijan have won numerous medals at international exhibitions and competitions during the Soviet era.
6- Yeddi Gumbez. (Seven Domes)
Located at the foot of the Gulistan fortress is the “Seven Domes,” a 15th century structure , The tomb of the Shirvan dynasty in Shemakha is widely regarded as such.
Several prominent Shirvanshah dynasty members are interred here, The crypt has seven domes, which corresponds to the number of tombstones.
Stone domes half-destroyed in the middle of a deserted cemetery stand in their place.
As a result, this location’s ambiance exudes an air of mystique.
7- The Gulistan Fortress (12th century).
Shamakhi’s most recognizable landmark.
The palace of the Shirvanshahs, as historians believe, stood behind its walls while Shamakhi was the capital of the Shirvanshahs’ state.
Archaeologists estimate that this monument was built in the 9th century, based on the earliest archaeological evidence found on the site.
Therefore, it can be concluded that the fortress has been in existence for more than a millennium.
As the Shirvanshahs’ last bastion, Shamakhi fortress was the scene of many bloody battles for the Shirvan during the Middle Ages.